How Is Tattooing Done?
The procedure for tattooing involves inserting pigment into the dermis layer of the skin. In early times, doing a tattoo involves rubbing the pigment onto the cuts of the skin. Today, special machines are being used for finer results, and pose minimal to no risk to human health.
After the first injection, the pigment disperses throughout the damaged homogenized layer in between down the epidermis and up the dermis. In this area, presence of foreign objects activates the phagocytes from the immune system and the particles of the pigment are then engulfed. When healing happens, the pigment in the dermis is trapped and concentrates in the layer between the dermis and epidermis.
Traditional tattooing procedures involve cutting designs into the skin and rubbing ink (and sometimes just ash) into the wound caused by the cuts. Some ancient cultures still practice this method of giving a person tattoos.
Modern tattooing involves the use of a special tool known as a tattoo machine. This machine injects ink into the skin using a single or a group of needles which are attached into a bar, which is then attached to a rotating unit. This unit repeatedly drives the needles in and out of the skin in a rapid succession, ranging from 80 to 150 times a second. This procedure is normally safer and more sanitary compared to the old ways of tattooing.
Before an artist does his job, he should first wash his hands as well as the part of the person’s body to be tattooed. Professional artists also wear gloves each time they do the procedure and the wound caused by the machine should be frequently wiped with a wet disposable towel. The equipment should also be sterilized before use and must be cleaned thoroughly after. For more information about tattoos and pain, click here.
Tattooing dyes and pigments vary. There is a wide range of dyes available and many of them are from inorganic materials such as iron oxides, azo dyes, titanium dioxide, and carbon black. Dyes made of ash and iron oxide are used also in cosmetic tattoos.
The price of each tattooing service varies from country to country and it also depends on the complexity of the chosen design, as well as the size of the design. There is no fixed price for a tattoo service. The price will also vary on the expertise of the artist, the cost of his business, and even the attitude of the person to be serviced.
Featured image: Artist Unknown. If you happen to know who did this piece, please feel free to leave a comment and let us and the rest of the readers know!